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HomeLL.B 1st SemesterLL.B 1st Semester SyllabusConstitutional law I LL.B 1st Semester Syllabus Download | 3Year LL.B

Constitutional law I LL.B 1st Semester Syllabus Download | 3Year LL.B

Constitutional Law is a basic or foundation law, on which other laws exist. Constitutional law is the body of rules, doctrines, and practices that govern the operation of political communities. The Constitution of a country is a document that has its own legal sanctity. In modern times the most important political community has been the state.

At present constitutional law is the offspring of nationalism as well as of the idea that the state must protect some fundamental rights of the individual. As the number of states has multiplied, so have constitutions and with them the body of constitutional law, though sometimes such law originates from sources outside the state. Constitutional law is the legal system of the country which grants collective rights and allows people to enjoy their freedom.


The purpose of the course is to acquaint the students with the idea that the Indian Constitution is a normative Constitution with value aspirations. The Indian Constitution envisages establishing a justice system with legal techniques. The basic postulate of the Constitution like the Constitutional Supremacy, Rule of law, and Concept of Liberty are emphasized in this paper. Exhaustive analysis of Fundamental Rights and a committed approach to Directive principles would form the essence of the course.


Meaning & Definition of Constitution: kinds of Constitution, Constitutionalism, Salient features of Indian Constitution.
Preamble: Meaning, Scope, Importance, Objectives, and Values enshrined in the Preamble. Citizenship- modes of acquisition & termination


State: Definition under Article 12, New Judicial trends on the concept of State Action- need for widening the definition.
Definition and Meaning of Law: Pre- Constitutional and Post- Constitutional Laws, Doctrine of Severability and Doctrine of the eclipse, Judicial Review and Article 13.
Equality and Social Justice: General Equality Clause under Article 14, New Concept of Equality, Judicial Interpretation on Equality.


Protective Discrimination and Social Justice under Articles 15 and 16, New Judicial trends on Social Justice, Constitutional Provisions on Untouchability under Article 17.
Right to Freedom: Freedom of Speech and Expression, Different dimensions – Freedom of Assembly, Association, Movement and Residence, Profession, Occupation, Trade or business, Reasonable restrictions.


Rights of the Accused: Ex-post facto Law — Double jeopardy — Right against self-incrimination (Article 20). Rights of the arrested person, Preventive Detention Laws (Article 22), Right to Life and Personal Liberty, Various facets of Life and Liberty (Article.21), Right against Exploitation, Secularism – Freedom of Religion, Judicial interpretation, Restrictions on freedom of religion.


Cultural and Educational Rights of minorities – Recent trends – Right to Constitutional Remedies: Article 32 and 226 — kinds of writs – Right to property (prior to 1978 and the present position), Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties- interrelation between fundamental rights and directive principles.

Constitutional law I Syllabus Download



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